Everyone understand that acne is a horrible skin problem, but there is something even worse than having active acne on the face. It is common for some people to see acne scars when the acne clear. However, those active acne can be dried out in few days, the acne scars left behind can last a really long time, even forever.
Although it is nearly impossible to remove acne scars immediately, you can heal and fade them gradually, and eventually get rid of the acne scars. Prior to taking to the next step, which is to remove scars, you should know what cause acne and acne scarring. Be sure to read this post to learn how to fade the acne scars and let you and your face forget the past breakouts.
What Causes Acne Scars?
First of all, prevent breakouts is the most effective way of stopping acne scars. Unfortunately, breakouts just happen, and every acne suffer has a risk for scarring.
The risk increases when the acne is an inflammatory type (swollen, reddish, and painful) acne, such as acne cysts and nodules. This type of acne tends to penetrate deep into the skin, it could damages the skin’s surrounding support structure, then lead to scarring. The longer a person has inflammatory acne, the greater the risk of scarring.
Squeeze Your Acne In A Wrong Way
As Skin Care Community mentioned before, if you can not keep your hands away from your face, then you should know how to squeeze your acne carefully, and understand what can be squeezed and what can not. Squeezing, picking, or poping acne in a wrong way can also destroy the skin surrounding structure, increase the risk of scarring.
If you make sure your pimples are ready, the proper way to squeeze it is to wrap the clean tissue tightly around your fingers, and press the bumps. Once you press the bump, keep pushing it gently until the pus (sometimes also blood) stops.
Environment or Hormones Influences
Sometimes, the skin can rapid recover from the acne and fade all the acne scars away. However, sometimes the recover process is so slow that acne scars just stay forever. The fact is, hormones can be blamed for the reason for scarring as well. During teenage time and special periods for girls, the skin’s metabolism ability is decreased by excessive hormones. In these cases, the skin needs longer time to recover from acne, so people have higher risk to have acne scars as well. In addition, air pollution can play a role in scarring, as the dirt can cause skin pigmentation, and eventually lead to scarring.
How To Fade Away Acne Scars
According to different skin conditions, acne scars have different shapes, sizes and even colors. Each type of scar is unique. General speaking, how acne scars form depends on how much collagen your facial/body skin makes. Because of the uniqueness, there are also tons of different acne scars treatment, and it is important to carefully choose the treatment that best matches your needs, in order to achieve best results.
Depressed Acne Scars
If the skin produces too little collagen, depressions or pits form as the skin heals. There are three different types of depressed acne scars, Icepick Scars, Boxcar Scars and Rolling scars.
Depressed Acne Scars treatments:
Acne scar surgery: This method is good for fading several deep depressed scars, as the surgery can lift the scar closer to the skin surface, which makes it less visible.
Resurfacing: Basically, resurfacing removes layers of skin, allowing the skin to produce new skin cells. It is good for rather shallow depressed acne scars.
Fillers: Skin filler treatment can plump the acne scars with collagen, your own fat, or another substance. Yet, the results might be temporary and it is not suitable for icepick scars.
Collagen Needling: As depressed acne scars are caused by lack of collagen, this treatment encourages your skin to produce more collagen.
Raised Acne Scars
Sometimes the body/face has over growth of collagen, as it tries to heal the skin and underlying tissue. When this happens, a person develops a raised acne scar. It usually happens on the back and chest, and sometimes on the face as well.
Raised Acne Scars treatments:
Injections: Dermatologists usually inject corticosteroids, interferon or 5-FU to the skin, In order to reduce the raised scars. The treatment is suitable for serious scarring problem, such as thick acne scars.
Laser therapy: According to American Academy Dermatology (AAD),Lasers and other light treatments can treat raised acne scars safely and effectively. Pulsed dye laser (PDL) can contribute to reducing the itch and pain sensation, and flattening raised acne scars.
Cryosurgery: As freezing the scar tissue can be benefit for fading it away, cryosurgery is regarded as another effective method for treating raised acne scars. Yet, this treatment can cause permanent light spots on the face as well, thus, it is not recommended for skin of color (according to AAD).
Silicone scar products(dressing and bandages): YES! Finally some home remedies! Silicone creams/gels/bandages can hydrate the skin, so the itchy and painful feeling can be reduced. In addition, although it is difficult to remove the raised acne scars by this home treatment, it is fruitful for softening and flattening the scars.
All the treatments above are different with each other, and most of the cases dermatologists suggest a combined treatment, such as Acne Scars Surgery with Injections. Thus, it is very necessary to visit your dermatology before conducting any treatments. Only in this way you can achieve the best acne scars fading results, and let your skin forget all the past acne breakouts.